Theories Of Development Provide A Framework For Thinking About Human Growth, Development, And Learning

1274 Words Dec 11th, 2014 6 Pages
Theories of development provide a framework for thinking about human growth, development, and learning. There are numerous psychological theories that are used to explain and predict a wide variety of behaviors. By having a broad base of understanding about the how 's and why 's of human behavior, we can better understand ourselves and others. Psychoanalytic theories of growth started with the famous works of Sigmund Freud. His work influenced another famous psychiatrist named Erik Erikson, whose eight-stage theory of human development remains one of the best-known psychological theories. Other psychoanalytic theorists came along with ideas that helped shape growth and development as well. Arnold Gesell was a maturationist who believed that the role of education is to inactively support the growth of a child rather than actively fill the child with information. Another renowned psychologist named Robert Sears created his own blend of the psychoanalytic model and the behavioral approach to development. Effects that the consequences of behaviors have on future behaviors made Sears a behaviorist because he believed that a previous actions will then in turn become causes for later actions. Using these legendary theorists like Erikson, Gesell and Sears, together will make for an outstanding personal theory that development consists of childhood experiences, maturation and conflict, and alterations in behavior. The environment that a child is raised in as well as family behaviors…

Related Documents