Theories Of Children 's Cognitive Development Essay

1248 Words Sep 18th, 2015 5 Pages
The theories of children’s cognitive development are demonstrated by Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky. Piaget’s theory points out that there are four stages in children’s cognitive development and each stage has a particular age group. As the transitions between stages are processed, changes in cognitive skills will appear. Meanwhile, Vygotsky suggests the cognitive development of children is by working together and learning from other people. He emphasizes the importance of socio-cultural impacts on children’s cognitive development. This essay will explore both Piaget and Vygotsky’s theories and theirs impacts on children’s education in scenario B.

Piaget’s four major stages for different ages are: sensorimotor stage (0-2years), preoperational stage (2-7 years), concrete operations stage (7-11years) and formal operations stage (11-adult) (Duchesne et al., 2013, p.58). In scenario B, the main character Robert is a year 8 student which means he is in the formal operations stage who are aged from 12-14. According to Slavin (2000), children’s abilities of the abstraction, hypothetical-deductive thought and unconstrained by the actual world made up the formal operational thought (p.31). Robert uses his abstraction to make a guess in math class due to the reason that he cannot determine the questions. Later, he tried to work out the mathematical problems by observing his sister Julie play soccer match.

In Piaget’s theory, there is a term called schemas which could be an idea to…

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