Essay about Theories help explain drunk driving

1202 Words Jun 9th, 2014 5 Pages
Theories Help Explain Drunk Driving
Taylor Forté
February 5, 2014
HDFS 2400
University of Missouri
Fall 2013
ID: 333795 and Keycode: 2476

Theories Help Explain Drunk Driving Driving while intoxicated persists to be a major problem amongst teenage drivers. Although there are many precautions taken in order to prevent this type of activity, whether by the school, media or parents’, teens proceed to place themselves into these very high risk situations. These persistent behaviors drive us to look further into why teens partake in this type of activity or better yet what and who is influencing this age group. As asked by the principal I will attempt to explain this behavior using several theories
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The consequence of punishment, on the other hand, decreases the chances of someone repeating a certain behavior because it’ll be unfavorable in the eyes of others. So to apply this operant conditioning theory to the issue of teen drunk driving is not complicated at all. This type of behavior will remain popular because praise from peers is a very common reinforcement, especially if someone makes it to their destination safely without any harm done to themselves or those who are passengers; once someone has completed this very unintelligent task once, it is very likely that the behavior will once again be something to partake in in the future.
Psychosocial Theory Erikson has a unique approach to his theory which consists of eight stages that illustrate the challenges that are faced over the sequence of the life cycle. In his psychosocial theory, “Erikson proposed that personality development is determined by the interaction of an internal maturational plan and external societal demands” (Kail and Cavanaugh, p. 12). Although there are eight stages mentioned in Erikson’s theory, the psychosocial stage that I feel is most related to the problem at hand is, identity vs. identity confusion which occurs during adolescence (ages 12 through 20). At this point in life individuals are challenged with developing a sense of who they truly are as well as with whom they should associate themselves with. At this

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