Theories And Theories Of Theory Essays

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Theory is defined as an idea or set of ideas that is intended to explain facts or events. Every scientific theory begins a hypothesis, which is an idea that has not yet been proven. “If enough evidence accumulates to support a hypothesis, it moves to the next step — known as a theory — in the scientific method and becomes accepted as a valid explanation of a phenomenon” (Bradford, 2015). An observation is known an instance of viewing/noting a fact or occurrence for some scientific or other special purpose. It can be used to generate new ideas. Lastly, a scientific fact is an objective and verifiable observation, in contrast with a hypothesis or theory, which is intended to explain or interpret facts. There is a relationship between all of these terms, because each of them needs the one or the other terms to be complete. A theory is an idea that is tended to explain facts. This is done on the basis of actual observation of some facts. An observation which can generate new ideas. Theory, fact and observation have a clear relationship with one another in science. Operant conditioning is an important discovery in the behavioristic paradigm. This fact was discovered by B.F. Skinner. This concept deals with learning and actions. Skinner studied operant condition by using the “Skinner box” which was used to place animals. He showed how positive reinforcement was used by placing a hungry rat in his Skinner box. This box contained a level and when the rat moved around the box, the…

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