Theology World Religions Vocabulary Essay

1891 Words Mar 24th, 2013 8 Pages
Indigenous Religions
Complementary dualism –the concept that the universe contains life enhancing and life-diminishing forces that work together and are equally necessary to its survival.

Conflict dualism – the concept that the universe contains good and evil forces that are wholly separate and in constant opposition. Dogon – a member of a group of indigenous people of the mountains of central Mali.

Ghost dance - a group dance of a late 19th century American Indian (Iroquois) messianic cult believed to promote the return of the dead and the restoration of traditional ways of life.

Mana – a Melanesian term for a life-enhancing power that can be concentrated in people or objects.

Oral traditions – narratives, myths,
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Christianity
Apostles – the early followers who were commissioned to preach the gospel of Jesus after the resurrection.

Atonement – Christ’s restoration of humanity to a right relationship wit God, variously interpreted as divine victory over demonic power, satisfaction of diving justice, or demonstration of a moral example.

Baptism – sprinkling with or immersion in water, the ritual by which a person is initiated into membership in the Christian community (considered a cleansing from sin).

Bishop – the supervising priest of an ecclesiastical district called a diocese.

Canon – a standard; a scriptural cannon is the list of books acknowledged as scripture; the list of acknowledged saints is also a canon. Canon law is the accumulated body of Church regulations and discipline.

Christ – the Greek translations of the Hebrew word for messiah, “anointed.”

Creeds – brief formal statements of doctorial belief, often recited in unison by the congregations. The Apostles’ Creed has been widely used in worship services since the third century. The Nicene Creed, named for the Council of Nicaea (325 CE) is long and more explicit and is recited in Catholic Eucharistic services.

Ecumenism – the movement for reunion or collaboration between previously separate branches of Christianity.

Eucharist – the ritual re-enactment of Jesus’ sacrifice of himself, patterned after his sharing of bread and wine as his body and blood at the final

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