Theme Of Racism In Heart Of Darkness

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In the novel Heart of Darkness by Joseph Conrad is a short story written in frame narrative that a part of the adventure genre. In this novel the main protagonist is portrayed by a character named Marlow, who likes to explore places he have never been to. At the start of the story Marlow is set on a boat with four other people and they are waiting for the flow of ebb to change so they can sail off to their destination. In the meantime Marlow decides to tell a story about his personal experience in sailing to Africa to the crew. Through Marlow’s story we understand that his story contains many themes about his adventure in Africa. One theme that caught my attention in marlow’s story is the theme about violence, cruelty, and inhumanity that is …show more content…
Every natives in the story are puppets of English colonists whose intention are focused on raiding the land of its riches. In the novel Marlow came across Africans working in mines as soon as he set his foot on Africa. At that very instance Marlow said that “I could see every rib, the joints of their limbs were like knots in a rope; each had an iron collar on his neck…” (Conrad 81). Marlow said this so the readers can image how the natives look like under harsh conditions created by the English colonists. Since we know that the natives are working in the mine and was provided with small amounts of food, we can infer that due to the working condition every single natives working in mines are skinny. Also because of how much food the natives get Marlow observes that “[t]hey were dying slowly—it was very clear” (Conrad 83). Through the act of the English colonists: cruelty and inhumanity are presented as the African Natives are not getting enough food in their digestive system for them to live …show more content…
This theme is mainly applied to the Native Africans the most because they are suffering in slavery and the way they are being treated not as a human, but as creatures. Also, this theme is applied a little to the Russian sailor as Kurtz wanted the ivory he got from a native chief but Kurtz did not care and took it away by threatening him. With this in mind Conrad’s message about violence, cruelty, and inhumanity is that they lead to the suffering of the people also creating horrific images to those against violence, cruelty, and inhumanity. And finally it shows the struggle of weaker countries have when compared to more powerful

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