The 's Theory Of Attachment Essay

807 Words Oct 10th, 2015 4 Pages
Nowadays, one of the most accepted views regarding a child’s emotional tie to his caregiver as an evolved response that promotes survival is the ethological theory of attachment. This theory was first introduced by John Bowlby, who argued that the quality of attachment to the caregiver has deep and crucial implications for the child’s emotions, especially those feelings which relate to security and to the capacity to form trusting relationships. Moreover, it was Bowlby’s belief that infants, like the young of other animal species, are endowed with a set of built in behaviors which keep the parents close by in order to protect the infant from danger, while providing support for exploring and adapting to the environment. The contact with the parental figure also ensures that the baby will be fed, although this is not the basis for the development of attachment. It was Bowlby’s opinion that attachment is better explained as the evolutionary context in which the survival of the species is the main goal.
In Bowlby’s theory, the infant/parent relationship begins as a set of innate signals that call the adult to the child’s side. With the passing of time, real forms of affection are developed, which are in turn supported by new cognitive and emotional capacities. He states that attachment develops in four critical phases. The first phase is the pre-attachment phase, which last from birth to 6 weeks. Among the built in signals that bring newborn babies in contact with other…

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