The Woman In The Dunes Analysis

1101 Words 5 Pages
Absurdism is the philosophical idea of humanity tries to find the absolute meaning of anything such as the existence of human. The Woman in the Dunes is written by Kobo Abe, a Japanese writer who is uniquely in his writing includes dreadful expedition of individual people in the society. The book is taking place in the 1960s. In the twentieth century, it was a time period prevailed absurdism ideology. In this book, absurdism appears when Niki and other characters lose their identities in the dune. Niki Jumpei who is the main character loses his identity in the path of finding himself shows absurdist. In the beginning of the story, the author Kobo Abe wrote, “One day in August a man disappeared.”(Abe, 3) The first sentence of the book gives …show more content…
The entire story is taking place in the dune. The sand reveals that human cannot defeat the nature. After Niki’s first arrival, he is shocked, because villagers shovel the sand from their house every day, even though they know that the behavior is endless and their house will definitely be covered on the next day. It is absurdist that people are fighting the nature. People become vulnerable and powerless in front of nature, inasmuch as they can never vanquish the nature, as a child who is chasing after the sun can never surpass the nature. Likewise, the sand reveals the unfavorable situation of Japanese society. The author Kobo Abe uses the dune to reveal the society in Japan during 1940s. The sand in the book represents the United States, which controlled Japan after the World War II. The United States changed Japanese culture, however Japanese rebellion did not change anything as sand is trying to be shoveled off from the culture. Japanese tries to maintain their traditions while American culture is trying to mobilize Japan. All of the Japanese lost their identity during that time, because the lifestyle which they were used to was totally changed. In the novel, every character submit to the sand, which represent Japan submit to the western culture. The woman never talks about the escaping at all, which suggested that she accepted the absurdity of her situation and she is not interested in escaping. On the contrary, the woman owns a radio which shows that she is really interested in the outside world, and she wants to know what is happening. In addition, the woman loses her children in the dune, due to the hazardous nature situation, after all she still works shoveling off the sand. Her paradoxical behavior is an enigma, and it shows

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