Essay about The Welfare And Justice Based Approaches

1132 Words Nov 6th, 2015 null Page
There are two main approaches when it comes to dealing with children and youth; the welfare and justice based approaches. This response will compare and contrast the difference between the two, and comment on how each approach constructs childhood and youth.
The welfare based approach involves around the concern of the wellbeing of children and young people. It is used in the context of legal system to justify the intervention of children or young people from facing the criminal justice system. To the advocators of this approach, the fundamental aim is the general welfare of children and the protection of young people from the legal system through the doli incapax, which establishes children as incapable of being held responsible for their actions (Shaw 2010, p.94). The system started from the late nineteenth century and held its ground until the 1960s, with the initial aim to separate child offenders from their adult counterparts, under the notion that their innocence will be contaminated. Consequently, it resulted in the “child saving movement”, which endorsed the idea that a separate juvenile system should be established in order to cater for children and adult offenders differently including the sentencing and punishment. This system received positive encouragement from many writers as one considered it to be “the best plan for the conservation of human life and happiness ever conceived by civilise man” (Gale, Naffine and Wundersitz 1993, p.40). The purpose was to also…

Related Documents