The Values Of Diversity And Biodiversity

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Biodiversity and ecosystems work hand in hand with one another. Without one, it is unlikely to have a thriving version of the other. Biodiversity is defined as the variety of species that are found in a natural state. Many consider this to be talking about species of animals, however, this includes ecosystems and genetic diversity. Chapter six tells how biodiversity contributes to what we know as biological wealth. This can largely determine how one sees a country’s wealth and economical capital. There are about eight different basic ecosystems given in chapter seven. These include to following: forests and woodlands, grasslands and savannahs, deserts and tundra, croplands, wetlands, coastal oceans and bays coral reefs, and open oceans. The …show more content…
Of this 8.7 million, only about 2 million have been discovered (p.127). This number goes to show how complex our Earth is; we have learned so many things, however, there is so much ahead of us. Researchers have separated their values into two categories, intrinsic value and instrumental value. Intrinsic value is where an organism has worth just because it is living. Usually this value varies depending on one’s moral views. Instrumental value is whenever an organism gains its worth through providing something for another organism. This mostly is referring to species providing food and raw materials, medicines, or recreational and scientific use for humans (p.128). Raw materials are what is considered the natural resources and include wood, fruit, food, and more. Species that provide these resources have started to be taken and genetically put into banking genes. This is to help preserve declining biodiversity, therefore, slow the extinction of various species. A different way to try to expand these natural resources is to crossbreed different species to create resistance from certain factors. Recreational and scientific uses include hunting, photography, parks, etc. A large part of certain countries is their availability of ecotourism as a way to attract people to their location. Dwindling biodiversity has a large impact on countries who rely on ecotourism as a way to help them live. It is …show more content…
The Endangered Species Act was put into use to provide protection for endangered and threatened species. The Lacey Act “forbids interstate commerce in illegally killed wildlife” (p.145). Other acts to protect biodiversity can be for a specific species like the Migratory Bird Treaty Act or the Golden Eagle Protection Act. A major key to keeping track of threatened and endangered species is a taxonomy. This is a record of all the different species in need. Some successful recoveries include the Bald Eagle and the Oregon Chub. National parks, reserves, and land laws have been set in place for ecosystems. Non-profit organizations play a huge role in keeping people motivated about volunteering and acting in support for ecosystems and

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