The Utility Of Seminal And Contemporary Individual Differences Theories

1218 Words Apr 14th, 2015 null Page
Critically analyse how useful seminal and contemporary individual differences theories can be when making sense of a life event that you have personally experienced.
This essay will explore and evaluate the utility of seminal and contemporary individual differences theories in explaining life events. In particular, the theories will be applied to my experience of spending 3 years as a ChildLine counsellor for the NSPCC. This was an experience in which I grew as an individual and motivation was crucial as at times it was psychologically challenging. Thus I feel the appropriate theories to discuss in consideration to my personal experience are Maslow’s hierarchy of needs (1943) and Weiner’s Attribution of Motivation and Emotion (
Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs theory claims that psychological wellbeing is reliant on the fulfilling of certain needs in order of priority. This theory introduced the idea that humans must have their basic needs met such as warmth, safety and security, in order to pursue their own personal growth and development. It was one of the first theories that focussed on the individual, by linking behaviours to internal thoughts and feelings rather than studying behaviour from an observer point of view and therefore inspiring other psychologists associated with the humanistic approach. The theory suggests that individuals move through the physiological, safety, social and esteem needs before reaching self-actualization (Maslow 1943). The Hierarchy of needs…

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