The Use Of Microorganism Infection And Its Effects On The Age Old Challenge Of Combating Diseases

842 Words Jan 10th, 2015 4 Pages
The history of microorganism infection predates written accounts. Evidence of ancient prophylactic measures such as applying mold and soil to wounds attests to the age–old challenge of combatting illnesses caused by microbes. The modern era of medicine began with advents in the treatment of widespread ailments, most notably the discovery of penicillin by Sir Alexander Fleming in 1928 (“History of Antibiotics,” 2010). With the first effective compound against bacterial proliferation, infections such as syphilis and tuberculosis proved no match for the powerful drug. Yet, over decades of medical advances, the development of antimicrobial drugs has become all but stagnant, stymied by a lack of discovery of new compounds that might offer medicinal use. Pharmaceutical research that once spurred the broadest of treatment options for difficult infections has subsided, while infectious agents have burgeoned without restraint. Sooner than ever expected, many microorganisms have mutated into drug–resistant strains that inflict devastating effects in otherwise highly treatable conditions. Without significant intervention and study of the rise of drug resistance, the world will enter a post–antimicrobial era in which people may die from the simplest of infections.
The CDC estimates that 2 million Americans are infected with drug–resistant bacteria every year, of whom 23,000 do not survive (Antibiotic Resistance Threats, 2013) The greatest threats include Clostridium difficile,…

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