The Use Of Endurance And Strength Training On Both Cycling And Running Performance

1512 Words Nov 15th, 2016 7 Pages
Triathlon is a multi-discipline endurance event consisting of swimming, cycling and running. Triathlon distances can vary, ranging from sprint distance; 750m swim, 20km cycle and 5km run, up to Ironman distance; 2.4mile swim, 112-mile cycle and 26.2 mile run. (Bentley et al, 2008)
The physiological demands of Triathlon are aerobic endurance and muscular strength. High Vo2 max is a good indicator of superior performance in endurance athletes. (Millet et al, 2003) Triathletes tend to have a high maximum oxygen uptake, with mean Vo2 max values of 52.4 to 72 ml/kg/min in men, and 58.7 to 65.9ml/kg/min in women whilst running on the treadmill. (O’Toole et al, 1989) Strength contributes to enhance endurance performance by improving the economy of movement, anaerobic capacity and delaying fatigue. (Ronnestad & Mujika, 2013). There is a positive effect of combining endurance and strength training on both cycling and running performance. Tanaka and Swensen (1998) Strength also improves swimming performance and force produced by swimmers. (Girold et al, 2006) Strength in the upper body can also increase the stroke length in swimmers, making them more efficient (Toussaint & Vervoorn, 1990)
The biomechanical demands of Triathlon include the underwater pull and cycling seat position. Swimmers try and move as smoothly through the water as possible in order to generate propulsive power, whilst reducing resistance. (Toussaint & Beek, 1992) The depth of the stroke is also important. In…

Related Documents