The Usage of the Traditional Reading Method and the Innovative Reading Method to the Level of Reading Comprehension of the Selected Third Year Students of Roosevelt College Rodriguez School Year 2011 – 2012: a Comparative Study

11288 Words Dec 29th, 2012 46 Pages
Chapter I

THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND

Introduction/Background of the Study

Reading is an interactive, problem-solving process of making meaning from texts. It is a complex interaction between the text, the reader and the purposes for reading, which are shaped by the reader’s prior knowledge and experiences, the reader’s knowledge about reading and writing language and the reader’s language community which is culturally and socially situated. (Hughes, 2007)

The reading process involves 5 stages which are pre-reading, reading, responding, exploring, and applying.

Readers use a variety of reading strategies to assist with translating symbols into sounds or visual representations of speech and comprehension.
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Thus, students have already gained a breakdown in their reading comprehensions.

As defined by Partnership for Reading (2005), Reading comprehension is understanding a text that is read, or the process of "constructing meaning" from a text. Comprehension is a "construction process" because it involves all of the elements of the reading process working together as a text is read to create a representation of the text in the reader's mind.

The researchers noticed the continuous decline of education here at our country. Education, from the very literal meaning is the learning of an individual through the basic skills of writing, reading, listening, and understanding. In this matter, the researchers opted for reading, the very heart of learning. Through reading, one will develop reading comprehension, which is the main concern of the researchers’ study. That was why the researchers came up with this study entitled: “A Comparative Study between the Traditional Reading Method and the Innovative Reading Method to the Level of Reading Comprehension of Selected Third Year Students of Roosevelt College Rodriguez School Year 2011-2012”.

Theoretical/Conceptual Framework

The Webster's Collegiate Dictionary (1992) offers this definition for reading comprehension: "capacity of the mind to perceive and understand."

More definitions of reading comprehension were given by some experts.

Gough (1986) stated that "Reading

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