The Urinary System Case Study

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The urinary system consists of two kidneys, two ureters, a bladder and a urethra. The kidneys are bean shaped structures that filter blood and collect waste to form urine. The ureter which are like two tubes carry the formed urine to the bladder which hold the urine until it has been expelled through the urethra. A urinary tract infection is an infection which can happen anywhere along the tract. Most infections usually occur along the lower tract however it can spread to kidneys which can be quite dangerous. Women are at a greater risk of getting a UTI because their urethra is much smaller than the men. Usually the sign of a UTI are quite common like sense of urgency, burning sensation while urination, scanty urine, cloudy urine, strong …show more content…
A mid-stream catch urine sample is obtained from the patient. The bacteria culture could be grown to determine what kind of bacteria it is and what can be the most effective to kill it. If a patient develops suck infections a lot the patient is then sent for a CT scan or MRI. This can help determine if there is a blockage. A cystoscopy can be helpful in determining the cause of recurrent infections. (Mayo Clinic, 2015)
UTIs can be prevented to a large extent. Wiping from front to back will wipe away the bacteria. Drinking a lot of fluids including cranberry juice, low sugar drinks can reduce the risk. Voiding right after sexual intercourse or such activity can eliminate any possibility. Taking shower instead of baths using fragrance free soap or feminine products will reduce the possibility or having the infection. (Madaline Vann, 2015)
As stated before, infections are usually treated with antibiotics. Many drugs such as Bactrim, Septra, Cipro, Keflex, etc. are prescribed for lower tract infection. However, if the infection has traveled to the kidneys an IV solution with antibiotics is usually prescribed. (Mayo Clinic,

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