Essay on The Uprising Of The Zapatistas

1113 Words Jul 23rd, 2015 null Page
The uprising of the Zapatistas has brought global attention to the social inequalities within Mexico. Barry states, "The Zapatista National Liberation Army (EZLN) let it be known that the plight of the peasantry could not be ignored… Don 't forget us, the rebels were saying, you depend on us for your political and economic stability” (Barry 1995, 3). A form of revolution: tierra o muerte, a more aggressive violent confrontation against neoliberal reforms, which means land or death. The agrarian reforms have pushed, "many rural villages… into ghost towns as entire families choose economic exile in the United States or look for a new life along city streets" (Barry 1995, 6). The alternative of migrating for many families was to join forces with the EZLN.
B. Economic Transitions in Mexico Mexico implemented economic nationalism in the form of Import Substitution Industrialization. Consequently, Mexico for the most part was self-sustaining for over forty years leading up to the early 1980s. Meaning that Mexico was able to produce enough of the products for consumption to keep the nation independent from external exchange. However, as the national debt rose throughout the 1980s, Mexico could no longer sustain itself domestically and needed aid to alleviate their extreme economic debt (Cohn 2009). Introduction of Neoliberalism: President de la Madrid of the PRI Party initiated during his term in the early 1980s a market-oriented reform program. Between 1982-1988, Mexico 's…

Related Documents