The United States Supreme Court Essay

1918 Words Nov 16th, 2016 8 Pages
“It is religion and morality alone which can establish the principles upon which freedom can securely stand. The only foundation of a free constitution is pure virtue.” John Adams, who served as the second President of the United States and was a remarkable political philosopher, penned these words. Remarkably, John Adam’s words ring true today. However, morality is the issue and one point is sure: The United States Supreme Court should not arbitrate morality. In order to explain this position, one must first understand how the Supreme Court works and then look into three cases in which morality was decided by the court.
How does the Supreme Court work? In order to answer this question, first one must understand that the Founding Fathers established the United States government with three branches: The executive branch, which is the president; the legislative branch, which is the Senate and House of Representatives; and the Judicial Branch, which is where laws are interpreted. Consequently, this judicial branch is the United States Supreme Court, which is composed of a Chief Justice and such number of Associate Justices as may be fixed by Congress. Though this number has varied throughout the nation’s history, it currently remains fixed at eight Associate Justices. These justices are appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate. Once appointed, a justice can only be removed through impeachment. Additionally, once the Supreme Court makes a ruling on a case, the…

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