The United States Immigration Policy Essay

866 Words Nov 15th, 2016 4 Pages
What is the history of United States immigration policy, and how effective have these policies been? What changes, if any, would you suggest to US immigration policy? Why?
The Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986 made it illegal to hire or recruit undocumented immigrants. Do you agree or disagree with this policy? Why?
What are the advantages and disadvantages of immigration?
Rights and Responsibilities of Permanent Residents

Without any address to immigration in the Constitution, Congress has defined policy, following a key trend of restriction and relief to stem the influx of legal and illegal immigrants. Beginning with the Naturalization Act of 1790, which restricted citizenship to "any alien, being a free white person”, and reaching it’s crux of restrictive policy with the 1882 Chinese Exclusion Act, the history of American immigration has been determined primarily by acts of Congress. However, in US v. Wong Kim Ark, the Supreme Court ruled on the basis of the fourteenth amendment that any child of foreign born parents born in the US receives citizenship, establishing a jus soli approach to citizenship. Following the trend, the Johnson-Reed Act of 1924 imposed the first numerical limit on immigration, began a national-origin quota system, severely restricted African immigrants, and outright banned Arab and Asian immigration in order “to preserve the ideal of American homogeneity.” This furthers a trend throughout US immigration…

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