Essay on The United States Federal Government

843 Words Nov 9th, 2014 4 Pages
The United States Federal Government should help with drug and alcohol abuse epidemic in adolescence in the American Indians and Alaska Natives (AIAN) community. According to Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) in 2011, there were over twenty million youth at the age of twelve and older, who were using alcohol and drugs. Also, eight percent of the population aged twelve or older were classified with substance dependence or abuse (SAMSHA, 2011). Heavy drinking has long been a public health concern for the American Indians and Alaska Natives (AIAN) community, with a high rate in substance abuse and alcohol. In turn, American Indians and Alaska Natives are experiencing a rapid decline in health and an “increase in alcohol related diseases such as chronic liver disease, alcohol-related automobile crashes, suicide, homicide, and fetal alcohol syndrome”(Friese, Grube, 273).

With a population that only makes up 1.7% of the United States, the communities of American Indians and Alaska Natives are rather small compared to the other ethnic groups within the United States. Compared to other ethnic youth groups, alcoholism rates among youth American Indians and Alaska Natives communities are higher compared to racial/ethnic groups 7.4%, while 10.5% of black youths, 12.6% of Hispanic youths, 14.6% of white youths, 15.2% of American Indian or Alaska Native youths, and 17.5% of youths reporting two or more races were current drinkers. Many factors may…

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