Essay on The United States And The Soviet Union

1220 Words Jun 9th, 2016 null Page
Following the World War II, the nations of Europe, whether they won or lost, were devastated and exhausted socially and economically. In addition, the United States and the Soviet Union emerged as the world’s top superpowers in contention with each other to prove whose ideology was superior. The fight between capitalism and communism escalated immediately following the war and each nation did all that they could do to gain the upper hand. On June 5, 1947, George Marshall gave a speech at the Harvard University commencement ceremonies explaining how the U.S. should help Europe regain economic stability. The controversy lies in the possible ulterior motives of his Marshall Plan which is widely debated among historians. Since Europe was in such deep economic trouble, some historians argue that the economic wellbeing of the United States would be significantly affected if something was not done, thus European recovery was the ultimate incentive. However, modern theories allude to underlying motives preventing the spread of communism into Western Europe as the true goal. Although George Marshall may have created the Marshall Plan with the intention of rebuilding the European economy, the United States adopted and implemented it with the main goal to contain communism to Eastern Europe.
Heightened tensions following the Second World War led to the United States and the Soviet Union partaking in strategic measures to advance their ideology and denounce the others. As a result, in…

Related Documents