The United Nation 's Eight Millennium Development Goals Essay

1467 Words Oct 31st, 2016 6 Pages
At the turn of the century, representatives from 189 countries joined together and forged an agreement to eliminate extreme poverty once and for all. The United Nation’s eight Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) was seen as the international community’s chance to facilitate economic and social growth in the world’s least developed countries, and saw hundreds of billions of dollars invested into development initiatives. The second goal called on governments to provide every boy and girl around the world access to a full primary education by 2015. This essay uses the context of Rwanda to explore why education is a vital indicator of development, how successful the education targets have been, and what challenges and opportunities remain as we move towards a future where every child fulfills their right to an education.

The importance placed on universal education in the MDG framework is drawn from key global declarations made in the mid-1970s that built upon the Universal Declaration of Human Rights highlighting education as a fundamental human right and integral to bolstering social development and freedoms (Unterhalter 2014). However, although every child is born with the right to an education, millions continue to be left behind. MDG number two, ‘Achieve Universal Primary Education’, sought to address this problem. The target is measured by several key indicators such as how many children are enrolled in primary education, how many complete their schooling, and literacy…

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