The Two Faces Of Bourgeoisie Case Study

1190 Words 5 Pages
Sultan Atanoglu Win
Term Paper
HUM 2302
Summer 2015 The Two Faces of Bourgeoisie
When colonization created new markets and started economic expansion between the European nations and their colonies, especially in the Americas, a new wealthy middle class (the Bourgeoisie), who focused more on trade, manufacturing, and banking businesses, integrated into the existing social structure. Actually, the bourgeois is the economic base of the aristocracy, which became a center point for the work of The Communist Manifesto by Karl Marx, a social scientist and revolutionary socialist, and Friedrich Engels, the father of Marxist Theory alongside Karl Marx. The Communist Manifesto was published in London before
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In order to understand this period of capitalism transition, which is also called the bourgeoisie transition from feudalism to sovereignty, it is better to focus on the feudal structure. Feudalism was an economic, social, and political class, which started with the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the Middle Ages and ended with the Istanbul conquest in 1453. Feudalism continued throughout the medieval period, so that`s why social justice in Europe had never been established. There have been two reasons for feudal organization: heavy plow (production technology) and heavy cavalry (war technology). The most prominent feature of Feudalism was that the people directly depended on the feudal order due to the lack of state union because the union was divided into different classes, such as nobles, serfs, vassals, priests, bourgeois, peasants, and big landlords or seniors who had absolute rights over the people living in their lands. Before capitalism, the socio-economic system was covered by feudal structures in Western Europe. Peasants depended on lesser lords who were also connected with greater lords. The system was ended with the king at the top. Stronger people guarded weaker people, but the price was high. In exchange for the money, food, labor or military commitment, the feudal lords honored their vassals to use land. The lowest level of the system contained serfs for cultivation, and the majority of the population grew plants for food or clothing. Using soil freely also wasn`t possible in the Feudal order. There was a legal inequality regarding the economic exploitation among landlords who had received production facilities, and their servants who had nothing. In time, this would be called the feudal

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