The Two Causes And Aspects Of Juvenile Crimes

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Children are often considered the future of our country. While this might be true, what kind of future will the country have if children under the age of eighteen accounted for sixteen percent of the incarcerated population in the US. Meanwhile, nationwide reports of juvenile crime are reliably high, with juveniles representing 38% of the incarcerated population. Juvenile delinquency generally falls into two categories: status offenses and criminal offenses. Status offenses are acts that if committed by adults would not be considered criminal (e.g. runaway, minor in possession). Criminal offenses on the other hand are offenses that range from property crime to murder. Of the 2.2 million juveniles arrested each year, 92,300 are arrested for …show more content…
The differences depend on the state, however in general, juveniles are prosecuted for delinquent acts, rather committing crimes. In most states delinquency is defined Acts committed by a juvenile, that if an adult were to commit could be a criminal act. These violations are divided into four categories: crimes against persons, crimes against property, drug law violations, and offenses against public order (Stoddard, Zimmerman & Bauermeister, 2012). When the delinquent acts are severe, they could be considered as worthy of punishment. Therefore, the juvenile may be transferred and tried in the adult system. However, if a juvenile is facing a less serious charge, during the trial process only a judge hears the evidences and make a ruling on whether or not the minor is delinquent. This is often referred to as an adjudication hearing. If the ruling of the judge deemed the child delinquent, the court gets to decide what rehabilitation process or what actions should be taken. This stage differs from the adult system in the purpose of the action. “In the adult system, the goal is to punish. In the juvenile system, on the other hand, the goal is to rehabilitate and serve the minor 's best interest (Mennis & Harris, …show more content…
In lieu of prison, juvenile court judges find other legal options that meet both the safety needs of the public and the treatment needs of the youth. Juveniles are given those considerations because they are seen as mentally or physically incompetent as compare to adults. As a result of their incompetence and immaturity, they cannot be held accountable for their actions in the same way as adults do (Chavez-Garcia, 2012). There has been a number of changes over the past few years. The research conducted by the MacArthur Foundation Research Network on the development of adolescents and the justice for minors has led many States and the courts to see juvenile delinquency and juvenile justice, through a developmental lens. The study shows that the human brain develops all throughout adolescence. The pre-frontal cortex, which is the part of the brain responsible for reasoning, will not have finish developing not until the mid-twenties (Gottesman & Schwartz, 2011). Developmental psychology enriched by the recent research on how the brain of adolescents, which is still developing, differs from that of adults, can better advocate for rehabilitation instead of

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