How Did Germany's Actions Cause Ww2

Better Essays
On June 28, 1919, the Allied countries of World War I thought the storm of warfare had passed and ushered in a new era of everlasting peace, all because of one document- the Treaty of Versailles. However, the unforgiving reparations that the Allies imposed on Germany in Article 232 of the treaty contributed to the collapse of the German economy. The economic instability then created an environment that thrust Hitler into power, which ultimately led to World War II. When the Allies and Germany signed the Treaty of Versailles on that June day in 1919, Article 231 (the “War Guilt Clause”) made it clear that World War I was Germany’s fault. Furthermore, in Article 232, the Allies required that Germany pay “compensation for all damage done to the civilian population of the Allied and Associated Powers and to their property during the period of belligerency.” However, according to John Maynard Keynes, …show more content…
When Hitler demanded the Polish city of Danzig back, which the Treaty of Versailles had declared as free, Britain sensed the danger and promised protection to Poland if war broke out. The breaking point came when Hitler denied that the Western countries would not go to war over Poland and invaded the country on September 1, 1939. Because Hitler continually violated the treaty without consequences, he perceived the Allies as weak. However, they realized the danger of his actions when he became violent. The Western countries recognized that Hitler would continue fulfilling his expansionist ideology if they did not stop him. Consequently, on September 3, France and Great Britain declared war on Germany while the Soviet Union (Germany’s ally) sent its opposing troops into Poland on September 17. World War II began less than two decades after the end of the First World War, and it became evident that everlasting peace was just a

Related Documents

  • Decent Essays

    Throughout the 1930s, many political leaders in both Britain and France came to see that the terms of the Treaty of Versailles had placed restraints on Germany that were cruel. Hitler’s behavior were seen as understandable and reasonable. Neville Chamberlain, Prime Minister of Britain, felt that giving in to Hitler’s request would prevent another war. Eventually, the most memorable example of appeasement was the Munich Agreement. Sooner or later, Hitler invades the rest of Czechoslovakia, breaking the terms of the Munich Agreement much like the Treaty of Versailles and that the appeasement had failed.…

    • 1104 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Just prior to the war, many American’s may had argued as to why their country was considering to involve their selves into a gruesome war. But they soon experience that it was necessary to protect the future of not just the United States, but those of their allies. Germany was reining in fast with trying to control the whole eastern hemisphere. America had to act quickly to help aid their allies and protect their investments they had abroad. Japan attacking Pearl Harbor was just that little push Franklin Roosevelt needed to get support behind involving the United States in the Second World…

    • 763 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    American Neutrality

    • 2283 Words
    • 10 Pages

    "In late September 1939, he asked Congress to revise the Neutrality Act to allow the sale of weapons to nations at war on a "cash and carry" basis." (Campbell) Even though at fist FDR was very much towards being neutral he still wanted to support Europe in their efforts to end the war. By doing so he wanted to create some laws that would give the United States the ability to support Europe without getting involved right into the war, but still roped the United States somewhat into the war. "Most Americans detested the Nazi dictatorship, yet they favored…

    • 2283 Words
    • 10 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Unit 3 Essay In 1919, Germany was presented with the peace terms of the Treaty of Versailles to end the gruesome World War I with two choices: to sign the treaty, or to be invaded and face yet another war. If they choose to sign, this would mean that they were solely “responsible” for the damage World War I had caused worldwide and would have to face the appropriate penalty for doing so. It was with great difficulty that Germany signed the Treaty of Versailles. Although a percentage from the German government were open to continuing the war, the German military was not prepared for it. The Germans had little choice but to accept to the treaty.…

    • 1050 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    (The New History of World War II 21 & 23) The United States believed if they stay out they is be safe but soon relies that was not the case. Seeing that the League of Nation had no power and could not stop Germany. Hitler moved on to his next plan, taking over Poland. Great Britain and France made their moved as Hitler and Russia move their attention to Poland, saying that if Germany set foots in Poland there will be war. Since the League of nations was unless, plus with with Great Britain and France have done thing.…

    • 1181 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Resolving disputes without the bloodshed of war, may not always be the best option for humanity. Winston Churchill, a member of Parliament, claimed that Chamberlain made a major mistake when it came to the Munich settlement. He argued that Britain’s decision to not go to war against Germany would have serious repercussions on all of Europe. By settling the dispute peacefully with the Nazi’s, this would only encourage Hitler to claim more territory in Europe. Churchill’s speech to Parliament proved to be significant in the twentieth century as he was right in the fact that Britain should have gone to war against Germany.…

    • 1092 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Aware that Germany would probably not be able to pay such a towering debt, nevertheless they feared rapid recovery(Gale),” this alludes to the fact that the allied powers knew that Germany would regain what it had lost and may even declare a second war, so they use the peace treaty to we could Gemini and gain power and resources. The only way to weaken Germany was blaming it for the war and as a punishment taking everything at once had the Alec powers knew that Germany was one of the strongest opposers and they used this treaty as a way to…

    • 1273 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    H.G. Wells argued that the war was a result of the allies standing back and watching and that the only thing that could truly end the war was tearing down German militarism. By the end of the war the term “war to end all wars” had become very popular. With the end of World War I came the collapse of three major empires in Europe, the Russian empire, Austria- Hungry Empire, and Turkey having severe implications on Europe and the Middle East which allowed the rise of the Soviet Union and the Russian Empire. World War I failed to set boundaries to countries that were capable of sovereignty and new nation states ran into problems.…

    • 1457 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Treaty of Versailles During the 1800s and early 1900s treaties were the answer to peace, however the Treaty of Versailles was one of the most horrific examples of failed diplomacy resulting in World War II and was responsible for million of deaths. The treaty tried to do 3 major things; place restrictions on the German military, force Germany to pay reparations to the Allies and place full responsibility of the war on Germany. Reducing the military would limit Germany’s power and could prevent them from fighting back or provoking another war (Treaty of Versailles and Nazism, 2011). The Treaty of Versailles would have and could have been a success, but its main failures were in its execution and in the terms. One of the major problems…

    • 1030 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    The invasion of Poland by Germany, the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, and Germany and Italy declaring war on the US were the leading factors driving the United States into World War II. World War II started on September 1, 1939 when Nazi Germany, led by Adolf Hitler, invaded Poland. Adolf Hitler claimed that this attack on Poland was a defensive move to protect Germany and expand the living spaces “Lebensraum” for the German people. Germany thought that they could take control of Poland without any resistance. Poland mobilized two days prior to defend its border against Germany but was unsuccessful at holding off the German offensive.…

    • 827 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays