The Trait Theory: The Big Five Theories Of Personality

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THE TRAIT THEORIES
Personality traits, or characteristics that predict their behavior consistently across a wide range of situations. The predominant trait theory, the Big Five theory, finds that these traits are extraversion/introversion, neuroticism, openness to experience, agreeableness, and conscientiousness. The trait theorists believe that there are certain core personality characteristics that, once developed in each of us, remain relatively stable throughout our life and thus comprise our personality. A number of different trait theories have been proposed, each of which used a somewhat different set of traits, but the current predominant trait theory is called the Big Five theory.
The Big Five theory is a theory which suggests that
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Conscientiousness people may account for the missing link between aptitude scores and academic performance. Meaning, conscientiousness individuals may play a role in school achievement by accounting for the “will to achieve” (Digman, 1989) considered integral to success.
c. High Conscientiousness people are reliable, organized, persevering, and self-disciplined.

5. The final Big Five trait, agreeableness, plays an especially important role in human relations. Agreeableness is a personality trait which includes behaviors such as kind, sincere, courteous, helpful, patient, honest, and cooperative.
a. People in high agreeableness trait are described as trusting, good- nature, accommodating, and kind, sincere, courteous, helpful, patient, honest, and cooperative. They are committed to their friends, family, and the general good of society (Goldberg, 1990).
b. People low in agreeableness tend to be argumentative, stubborn, suspicious, hostile, callous, cruel, untrustworthy, and manipulative.
Both agreeableness and conscientiousness have been found to correlate with psychological well-being, presumably because the positive qualities of people high in these traits foster good relationships and quality of life (McCrae & Costa, 1991). Interestingly, collectivists tend to score higher on both of these

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