The Tragy Downfall In William Shakespeare's Macbeth

745 Words 3 Pages
Macbeth is the sole figure to be blamed for to be blamed for his own downfall. During the play, his actions in his journey to the throne, together with his malignant nature and unchecked ambition consequently lead to moral corruption and the ultimate relentless calamity for him. Shakespeare utilises multiple literary devices and dramatic techniques to help convey the direct correlation between Macbeth’s downfall and his uncontrollable selfish ambitions. Furthermore, the text portrays how a guilty conscience can crumble one’s rationality, as represented by Macbeth’s fractious downwards spiral to his evil doom, catalysed by his ruthless and sinister manner.
The momentous factor in Macbeth’s collapse, was his very own tragic flaw, being his unchecked
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Guilt and regret serve to cause and accelerate his deteriorating rationality and his overwhelming insanity. As the play progresses, the malicious killings and evil deeds, violate his morals alongside, letting his ambitions get the better of him, in which he forms a sense of guilt and regret, resulting in his guilty conscience. A representation of this is from his visual “false creations”, in which he witnesses a dagger before him; a direct regret of his past actions and murder of Duncan and the ghost of Banquo; another direct regret of his murder of Banquo. The first example of Macbeth’s guilt getting to him, is immediately after Duncan’s murder when he says, “How is’t with me, when every noise appals me?... Will all great Neptune’s ocean wash this blood clean from my hand?” This quote displays the instantaneous remorse Macbeth feels for his malevolent murder. Furthermore, Macbeth expresses his disgust for the murder of Duncan in this quote, “To know my deed, ‘twere best not know myself.” The second prominent false creations of a cause of Banquo’s murder, in an encounter with Macbeth, Banquo’s ghost says: “It will have blood they say: blood will have blood.” This quote represents and marks the insanity as a result of his guilty conscience, as further illustrated by the imaginative ghost. In addition, Macbeth succumbs to his guilty conscience at this very moment: “I am in blood stepp’d so far that should I wade no more, returning were as tedious as go o’er.” This then marks his severe insanity provoked by his formidable guilt and regret, which led him spiralling downwards into his inevitable

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