The Tragedy Of Odysseus After The Trojan War

1026 Words 5 Pages
The Odyssey begins after the Trojan War; Odysseus who is the king of Ithaca is lost on a sea voyage after fighting in Troy, for about ten years. Years past while he is on his sea voyage home, the people of Ithaca believe Odysseus is dead, however in the story told by Homer, Odysseus is being held as a sex slave with the goddess Kalypso. Since Odysseus has angered the Greek Sea God Poseidon, Poseidon refuses to let Odysseus get home without some hardships. Meanwhile back in Ithaca, Penelope who is Odysseus’s wife is being bombarded with 107 suitors who wish to marry her. As Odysseus sets sail home to Ithaca he is faced with many obstacles, he loses his entire crew and is forced to swim close to one hundred miles to reach Ithaca. Odysseus makes …show more content…
Even though it is rumor that the Trojan War never happened. The Trojan War begins when Athena, Hera and Aphrodite approach Paris, the Prince of Troy, and ask him to pick the most beautiful goddess. Each goddess promised him different things for example Athena promised him victory over every nation that he fought, Hera offered Paris all of Europe and Asia and Aphrodite promised Paris the most beautiful woman to marry him, her name would be Helen. Helen also known as “The Face That Launched A Thousand Ships”, was the most beautiful woman around even though she was already engaged to Menelaus, the Sparta king. Aphrodite took Paris and presented himself as a guest but after Menelaus left for business matters, Paris stole Helen and went back to Troy. Once Menelaus found out about the kidnapping of Helen, he planned revenge on the city of Troy. The Spartans tried to invade and take over Troy however the city walls were too difficult to overcome, this war lasted for about ten years but finally came to conclusion when the Spartans built a wooden horse and Spartan soldiers hid inside of it. The Trojans accepted the horse and let it into their city walls. Once night approached, the Spartans piled out and it became a blood bath for the Trojan soldiers. Menelaus was able to reclaim Helen his wife and the war came to an end. …show more content…
Many of Homer’s stories have been proven false, certain helmets that where described didn’t even exist in Homer’s life time for example the Mycenaean helmet which didn’t exist until after the Trojan War. In the 19th century, archeologists discovered that Troy was located in modern day Turkey; they also were able to determine the fall of empire, which was in 1180. There are a few indications how Ithaca was identified by archeologists, in the book Homer explains that Ithaca is located in a group of other islands, he also wrote that Ithaca is very far west and the farthest out of all other islands and Ithaca doesn’t have any mountains. By these standards explained in the book people were able to identify the former Ithaca as the Islands of Ithaki. The Iliad which is Homer’s second most famous Greek poem, Homer uses the Trojan war are a setting to understand the conflict between humans and gods. The Iliad only describes the last fifty-one days and fails to account for the first nine years of the Trojan War. Since in the Iliad many fantasy epic heroes are involved for example Achilles, Nestor, Odysseus, etc., in the story it makes it difficult to prove the accuracy of the poem. However based on the detail of the poem, and the finding of Ithaca and Troy, we struggle to understand if any of these events really

Related Documents