The Time Surrounding 3000 B.c Essay

1675 Words Nov 11th, 2016 7 Pages
The time surrounding 3000 B.C.E. marked an extremely important period in the history of humanity. During this era, the earth’s population began to move from the small farming villages characteristic of the Neolithic period towards forming full-fledged civilizations (Duiker, 9). These initial civilizations, including Mesopotamia, Egypt, and early China developed in fertile river valleys with abundant arable land. Over the next 3000 years, both the area surrounding the Mediterranean and Chinese society continued to grow, evolve, and increase in both size and sophistication. As the earliest Mediterranean civilizations and Chinese dynasties fell during the 1000s B.C.E., new regimes, including the Greek and Roman empires and Zhou dynasty, took their place, and lasted well into the classical era beginning around 500 B.C.E. These new civilizations were characterized by new ways of thinking and social role and expectations that differed from the earliest known civilizations in these geographical areas. Mesopotamian civilizations, including the Babylonian empire under Hammurabi, and ancient Egypt were two of the first civilizations to develop in the Mediterranean region, with both Greece and Rome emerging after their decline. In China, the Shang dynasty appeared during the same period as Egypt and Mesopotamia, and the Zhou dynasty followed their eventual fall. The Han dynasty emerged years later, during the time when Greece and Rome were at their peak. Religion played a…

Related Documents