The Three Strengths Of Sociological Research Methods

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Research Methods and Deviance There are three ways that someone could do sociological research. These three ways include positivist sociology, interpretive sociology, and critical sociology. Although these ways to do sociology have many strengths, there are also weaknesses within each method. These methods are used to research many things, but one in particular is deviance amongst society and the functions which it plays. The first way to do sociological research is positivist sociology. By definition, positivist sociology is “the study of society based on scientific observation of social behavior” (mac 16). The scientists who use this method are interested in what science has to offer for explanation in a sociological context. Using …show more content…
This sociological research method is based off of the need for social change. This way is a mix between positivist sociology and interpretative sociology in that there is a realness, yet society is very much made up of social constructs. Critical sociologists do not use objectiveness and rather than using a value-free standpoint, sociologists must use their interpretations to do justice for the social world. This way plays on the inequalities throughout societies and how they need to be changed (19). According to Cranford, critical sociology “is naturally suspicious of claims and findings made in the field of sociology and uses critical thought in order to expose flaws that might invalidate these claims, particularly those that are absolute.” With this being sad, critical sociology is used by sociologists are more on the left side of the political spectrum as they are looking to gain justice for those who face social inequalities (macias 18). A downside that could come of this is receiving information from these researchers that is biased in terms of their political …show more content…
Stated by Macias, “deviance is the recognized violation of cultural norms” (158). Many believe that deviance is due to the wrongdoings of an individual, yet this is not necessarily true. Deviance is shaped by society and differs throughout each and every society on Earth. There are three social foundations when it comes to deviance. The first foundation deals with how deviance varies in relation to what the norms a culture may have. This may have to do with a law being regulated in one place, but not another (macias 158). For example, 14 states across the United States ban individuals from using hand held cell phones while driving (GHSA). Between the array of different countries, deviance is very diverse. For example, some countries do not allow women to wear makeup, such as Iran (macias 158). The second foundation deals with people becoming deviant as they are labeled with that status. For example, if someone checked the sweetness of a bag of grapes by eating one and someone saw, they could say they were shoplifting. This title would stick. The third foundation deals with how rules are defined in consideration to social power. A homeless man on the sidewalk speaking his mind could get arrested for disturbing peace, where are people running for elections can speak their mind with guards

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