Rwanda Genocide Causes

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The Rwandan Genocide

Kofi Annan once said that “A genocide begins with the killing of one man-not for what he has done, but because of who he is.”, this is the exact definition of the Rwandan Genocide. The Rwandan Genocide happened in Rwanda on April 7, 1994 and lasted for 100 days. This genocide was done by the Hutus an ethnic group in Rwanda to the Tutsis also in Rwanda. In those days over 800,000 people died. It was total chaos, neighbors were killing neighbors, women were being raped, and this genocide left the country broken. There were three main causes that lead to this genocide, they are racial differences, European control over Rwanda, and the Rwandan Civil War (Ellis & Esler, 2009)

The first cause to the Rwandan Genocide was the
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Right before the Rwandan Revolution, intelligent Hutu that went to western schools, wrote a published paper called the Bahutu Manifesto, and called for the end of Tutsi rule. The Tutsi replied by emphasizing the shebuja (lord) and garagu (serfs) relationship between the Tutsi and the Hutu, and demanded independence from Belgium in Rwanda. The Belgian government switched and supported the Hutu because the Hutus did not want the end of the Belgian government. So on November of 1959 the Rwandan Civil War began this allowed the Hutu to overthrow the Tutsi with the help of Belgium. Thousands of Tutsi were killed, and many other fled their homes. On July 1, 1962, Rwanda gained its independence from Belgium. This allowed the Hutu to take …show more content…
1)racial difference which was more of a social status, 2)-the Europeans control over Rwanda who enforced the stereotypes, and 3)the Rwandan Revolution that lead to the assassination of President Habyarimana of Rwanda and Cyprien Ntaryamira of Burundi. After this devastating genocide in Rwanda, the country was left in pieces, needed rebuilding, and mending with

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