The Theory Of Society 's Effects On An Individual 's Life Essay

2108 Words Dec 13th, 2016 9 Pages
Since the earliest writings on political thought, political society’s effects on an individual 's life has been discussed. Political theorists differ in their ideas of individuals positions in society; theorist Hobbes believes that the rights of individuals are subservient to the rights of a monarch, as a opposed to the more democratic writings of Locke which focus on individual rights. Regardless, the idea of why societies have been formed has been discussed frequently. In later writings, a new trend is seen in that there is more of a focus on how the formation of society affects individual happiness or quality of life. Both Karl Marx (in “Estranged Labor”) and Sigmund Freud (in “Civilization and Its Discontents”) address the position of individual quality of life in a different context; with Marx addressing the issue from an economic perspective and Freud addressing it from a social/psychological perspective. Though examining the issue of individual quality of life in society in different ways, both Marx and Freud argue that the societal structure diminishes the individual 's quality of life and that more freedom from the current strains of society would bring more happiness to the individual. Marx believes that an individual’s quality of life is diminished because of the labor system. Specifically, Marx argues that the political economy causes numerous problems that affect the citizens quality of life. Marx argues that the whole society is split into two classes,…

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