The Theory Of Social Learning Theory Essay
Krumboltz, Mitchell, and Jones (1976) theory suggests the interaction of genetic influences, cognitive processes, emotional processes, and environmental conditions influence peoples’ career choices and work related behaviours (Feller, Honaker, & Zagzebski, 2001; Krumboltz & Worthington, 1999; Osipow, 1990). In particular, they emphasize that peoples selection of careers are based on what they have learned from encounters with other individuals, institutions and events, especially, young adults who are building their career identities (Feller et al., 2001; Krumboltz et al., 1976).
Learning experiences, especially observational learning from significant role models (e.g., parents and teachers), have a powerful influence on career decisions, making some occupations more attractive than others (Krumboltz et al., 1976). In addition, positive modelling, reward and reinforcement are more likely to lead to the development of appropriate career planning skills and career behaviours (Krumboltz et al., 1976).
One strength of Social Learning Theory has been its focus on developing the career readiness of young adults by through implementation of Learning Theory in school-to-work programs (Krumboltz & Worthington, 1999). Even though this theory acknowledges social and contextual influences on career decision making, these influences are de-emphasized, due to its focus on learning experiences (Hodkinson & Sparkes, 1997). As a result, this theory assumes that…