The Theory Of Self Interest Drives Human Action Essay

1930 Words 8 Pages
Hobbes, Smith and Axelrod all have different theories of cooperation, yet sharing similar knowledge. They all agree on that they recognize that self-interest drives human action. Even if one does something for the benefit of someone else, that is still for the satisfaction it gives one or if you do something for or against someone and they return the favor. Axelrod theory is necessary for cooperation to emerge
Thomas Hobbes thought “Man was motivated by his appetites, desires, fear and self-interest, seeking pleasure and avoiding pain .His main desire, and the most important of natural laws, was self-preservation and the avoidance of death” Hobbes’ ideas would become the foundation of capitalism, which supported nature of people. Hobbes’ ideas influenced Adam Smith, who believed in economy system with no government involved, no directed government involved at all. Different from Hobbes, “Smith never suggests that people are motivated only by self-interest; he simply states that self-interest motivates more powerfully and consistently than kindness, altruism, or martyrdom”. Then there’s ‘the Evolution of Cooperation”. Yet both supported triumph of capitalism. Hobbes and Smith, still had different views and vision. Hobbes views human society as intrinsically unworkable and that 's why we supposedly need the State to order everyone and rule the people giving instruction, on the other hand Smith views human society as made possible by peaceful self-interest, and the high degree…

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