The Theory Of Personality And Organization Essay

1452 Words Dec 7th, 2015 6 Pages
The phrase talent management gained attention in the 1990s, but its roots were in the 1950s and 1960s in the form of three management theories: Chris Argyris’ theory about personality and organization; Frederick Herzberg’s two factor theory; and David McClelland’s concept of achievement and orientation theory.
i) Personality and organization: claimed that corporate jobs had become stultifying. Normal human development implied increasing autonomy, responsibility and five horizons but jobs limited responsibility were overly specialized and reduced time horizons. Controlling or manipulative managements made employees indifferent to their jobs. The average employee disengaged from the jobs of these days, the talented employee would find greener postures in self-employment, career change into an alternative profession or moving up through the hierarchy. ii) Work Motivation: This second management theory was Herzberg’s two-factor theory in which he claimed that workers are primarily motivated through interesting, intrinsically motivating work. Compensation needs to be competitive and adequate (which in many instances, it is not, causing some MBA students to be skeptical about Herzberg’s’ claims but once lower-order needs, such as psychological, safety, social needs are met, challenging and interesting work motivates employees. The message is that talented employees need to be retained and developed through challenging assignments and adequate pay. iii) Merit Achievement: David…

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