The Theory Of Personal Identity Essay

780 Words Apr 22nd, 2016 4 Pages
Locke was a philosopher who claimed that personal identity was independent of all substances, including immaterial substances. Locke says that we continue to be the same person over time if we have the same conscious experience over our lifespan, meaning psychological continuity is the criterion for personal identity. He actually has three different criteria for the continuity of people: psychological continuity, meaning the person at the later time is psychologically continuous of the person at the earlier time; consciousness criteria, meaning the person at the later time and the person at the earlier time have the same consciousness; and memory criteria, meaning the person at the later time must remember the experiences of the person at the earlier time. For example, if we take this logic then we can make an artificial intelligence being the same as a previous person. If we took the person’s consciousness and transferred it into a computer chip then put that computer chip into some sort of robot then the robot would be the same as the previous person. Locke says we do not need any particular body or min, just a body or a mind, therefore we can transfer consciousness from one person to another. Thomas Reid was a philosopher who strongly believed in common sense and that it should be a part of all philosophy. He critiqued Locke’s ideas on personal identity by saying that the idea that a person is only the same if and only if the person at the second time remembers the…

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