The Theory Of Operant Conditioning Essay

707 Words Sep 26th, 2015 3 Pages
Behaviorism was developed to study observable behavior. Since behaviorism describes the learning process it is also known as the learning theory. Behaviorists indicate that learning and development progress over time, and that the process is due to natural guidelines that control responses and actions. The two types of conditioning are classical and operant. Ivan Pavlov and B.F. Skinner are both research theorists that discovered these two theories. These two types of theories are different in many ways, but are also extremely similar.
Classical conditioning was discovered by a Russian physiologist Ivan Pavlov. Classical conditioning involves placing an impartial stimulus before a reflex. Operant conditioning was first recorded by American psychologist B.F. Skinner. The theory of operant conditioning emphases on the positive or negative reinforcement after a behavior is performed. Focusing on whether the behavior is involuntary or voluntary highlights one of the main differences in these theories. Classical conditioning is an involuntary process, because it utilizes an involuntary response and a stimulus. This theory focuses on automatic behavior that is motivated by an old action. Ivan Pavlov started to experiment with dogs and their response to a neutral stimulus that was not previously associated with that object. He began to notice that the dogs would start to salivate after hearing a specific sound that was being paired with the presentation of food. In this experiment…

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