Essay about The Theory Of Operant Conditioning

793 Words Mar 1st, 2016 4 Pages
Operant conditioning can sometimes be referred to as instrumental conditioning, but is a method of learning that occurs through rewards and punishments for behavior. Through operant conditioning, a group of people decide what decision to make whether between a behavior and a consequence for that behavior. For example, when a dog listen to his/her owner, he receives a food treat as a reward, but when he behaves bad he gets nothing and he is send to his little house locked up.. As a result, he learns to always listen to his/her owner.
Operant conditioning was coined by behaviorist B.F. Skinner, which is why many people referred to as Skinnerian conditioning. As a behaviorist, Skinner believed that it was not really necessary to look at internal thoughts and motivations in order to explain behavior. Instead, he suggested, we should look only at the external, observable causes of human behavior. Through the first part of the 20th-century, behaviorism had become a major force within psychology. The ideas of John B. Watson dominated this school of thought early on. Watson focused on the principles of classical conditioning, once famously suggesting that he could take any person regardless of their background and train them to be anything he chose. Where the early behaviorists had focused their interests on associative learning, Skinner was more interested in how the consequences of people 's actions influenced their behavior. Skinner used the term operant to refer to any "active…

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