The Theory Of Memory Storage Essay

1014 Words Nov 1st, 2016 5 Pages
Memory is one important part of our daily lives, without memory we wouldn’t be able to remember how to do things or remember where anything is. Memory is defined as the retention of information or experience over time as the result of three key processes; encoding, storage, and retrieval (King, 2016). As we learned different things through life, we encode that information into our memory storage. Encoding gets the information and takes it to our memory and store it, so that we can remember it later. For examples when your mother is talking about a certain situation that she wants you to try to avoid, you are encoding that information into your memory storage for later reference. Storage is the retention of information over time and how this information is represented in memory (King, 2016). Richard Atkinson and Richard Shiffrin came up with the theory called the Atkinson-Shiffrin theory. Their theory states that memory storage is made up of three separate systems the sensory memory, short-term memory, and long-term memory. Our sensory memory holds the information that we receive from the world for only a brief moment, no longer than 7 seconds. We lose this information quickly unless we transfer the information to our short-term or long-term memory. Our Short-term memory holds the information that we receive for as long as 30 seconds. Our long-term memory is a permanent type of memory and it holds the information that we receive for a life time. Our long-term memory is also…

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