Essay about The Theory Of Liberty And Freedom

1364 Words Nov 17th, 2016 6 Pages
Liberty and freedom are interchangeable terms for a definition that can be widely characterized in different ways. Despite the different views of freedom, there are two sub definitions that are negative and positive. Negative freedom is associated with the restriction after an individual over steps or forces themselves on to another’s freedom (Shabani, 2014, p. 285). Constraining another’s freedom is negative, but the constraints can place more liberty in a society and result in less harm towards others (Shabani, 2014, p. 285). Positive freedom can be defined as a goal people aim for (V. Burke, November 3, 2016). They can also be goals that society aims for, and to maintain the liberty is a positive aim (V. Burke, November 3, 2016). It is the intent of this paper to prove that philosophers Karl Marx and Immanuel Kant have different expectations of modern freedom because Marx’s attitude is towards positive freedom with the idea of the bourgeoisie, proletariats and the idea of communism, while Kant believes in negative liberty through a democratic society. Moreover, the two philosophers’ views of freedom are different when positive and negative freedom are brought into play. Primarily, Karl Marx believes in positive freedom because liberty is obtainable only from the bourgeoisie (Shabani, 2014, p. 237). Above all, the bourgeoisie have the upper hand because they “resolved personal worth into exchange value, and in place of the numberless indefeasible chartered freedoms, has…

Related Documents