The Theory Of John Bowlby Essay

993 Words Nov 20th, 2015 4 Pages
John Bowlby was a psychologist who was influenced by Sigmund Freud and developed the Attachment theory. Bowlby believed in monotropy and stated that children should only have one caregiver which is usually the mother. He further explained that forming multiple attachments for a child or not having an attachment with their mother would lead to long term behavioural problems in later life. (simplypsychology.org). Similarly, he stated that an attachment must occur within the first 3 years of a child’s life, which he described as the ‘critical period’ and he also explained that the attachment should not be broken within the first 5 years of a child’s life (referred to as the ‘sensitive period’) or this could lead to maternal deprivation.
Bowlby used the term maternal deprivation to explain that a child would suffer from this if their attachment with their caregiver has been broken. For example, he stated if a mother leaves her child for up to seven days the attachment would be broken and the child could not reform the attachment leading them to suffer from maternal deprivation. Likewise, he also used the term privation to explain that this would occur if a child has never formed any attachment (e.g. a child put into a care home from birth). He stated that a child who suffered from maternal deprivation or privation is more likely to commit criminal behaviour.
In addition to, Bowlby argued that the long term problems caused by broken or no attachment are aggressiveness,…

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