The Theory Of Human Behavior Essay example

921 Words Nov 30th, 2015 4 Pages
According to Boeree (2009b), Freud believed that human behavior is driven by life and death instincts, which are mental representations of physical needs. Life instincts are needed to survive, and to provide continuum for the life of species. The most important of them is libido, the sexual psychic energy, which is the most driving motivating force (Friedman & Schustack, 2012). The death instinct is an unconscious wish to die (Boeree, 2009b), and it drives a person towards aggression, self-destruction, and cruelty (Thornton, n. d.). As stated in Friedman and Schustack (2012), the three structures of the personality in Freud’s theory are the id, ego, and superego. The id is the biological component of personality and consists of instincts and motivations. It tries to satisfy our pleasures, and reduce inner tension operating in accordance with the pleasure principle. The ego is the rational component of personality that tries to solve problems in accordance with the reality principle. The superego is the moral side of personality that tries to fulfill id’s pleasure needs through socially acceptable behavior. The ego mediates between the needs of the id and the dictates of the superego. Personality is located in three levels: Unconscious, preconscious, and conscious (Boeree, 2009b). The id resides fully in the unconscious. The ego resides partly in the conscious and partly in the preconscious, from which memories that have not been repressed can be easily recalled. A…

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