The Theory Of Crime Control Policies Essay

1534 Words Nov 13th, 2016 7 Pages
Since the mid-1970s, America’s correctional system has emphasized getting tough on crime. The focus of crime control policies has centered on theories including retribution, deterrence, and incapacitation. However, evidence fails to concisely prove the effectiveness of these theories, leading many to reconsider the system’s approach to reducing recidivism.
Evidence-based Corrections Evidence-based corrections are correctional policies, principles, interventions and treatments that are implemented because of their success during rigorous empirical testing, revealing that these techniques are likely to be effective in reducing recidivism (Cullen & Jonson, 2017). Unlike correctional quackery, evidence-based corrections do not utilize personal beliefs or clinical judgements to make decisions. Instead, evidence-based corrections relies on research, evidence, and statistics to inform decisions. This evidence allows for better informed decisions to be made, as these interventions and policies have shown to be effective in research and stand a better chance to be effective in practice (Cullen & Jonson, 2017). Evidence-based corrections are often associated with outsider knowledge, where something is known because it was applied using the scientific method (Cullen & Jonson, 2017). Outsiders typically do not work for an agency, instead they conduct studies to build literature. This knowledge is counted as evidence, for personal experiences are irrelevant and conclusions are made…

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