Essay on The Theory Of Crime And Punishment By Fyodor Dostoyevsky

1401 Words Dec 12th, 2016 6 Pages
Neurologist Sigmund Freud once said, “Dreams are the royal road to the unconscious” (“The Interpretation”). Sigmund Freud firmly believes that dreams allow people to be what they cannot be, and to say what they can not say in our more repressed daily lives (Freud). Crime and Punishment by Fyodor Dostoyevsky is a novel that involves dreams to symbolize characters and foreshadow situations. Raskolnikov’s dreams may give more insight to his mind than the entire novel. Raskolnikov experiences four dreams from beginning to end. Dostoyevsky uses dreams to express Raskolnikov 's actual thoughts, which may be more insightful than events that occur when Raskolnikov is awake.
There are multiple theories involved in dream analysis, which apply to each of Raskolnikov 's dreams. The first theory is the evolutionary theory. Evolutionary theorists firmly believe that in dreams, people are actually rehearsing fight-or-flight responses (PsychToday). Many evolutionary theorists believe dreams are an evolutionary adaptation. People dream in order to prepare themselves for certain situations when conscious. This theory explains Raskolnikov’s first dream, involving the horse. The dream involving the horse foreshadows the murder of Alyona Ivanovna, the pawnbroker. In the dream, Raskolnikov imagines himself as a young boy with his father. As they are walking, they notice a man, Mikolka, beating his horse to death. During the dream:
….he brings the shaft down with all his might…. Mikolka swings…

Related Documents