The Theory Of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Essay

1258 Words Nov 25th, 2015 null Page
Brief Overview of the Model Judith Beck’s (1995) father, Aaron Beck, developed cognitive therapy in the early 1960s. The goal was to have a “structured, short-term, present-oriented psychotherapy for depression, directed toward solving current problems and modifying dysfunctional thinking and behavior (p. 1).” Cognitive behavior therapy has been shown successful in not only treating depression but also a wide range of psychiatric disorders in various client populations. Cognitive behavioral therapy is based on the cognitive model, which assumes that dysfunctional thinking is common to psychological disturbances. Realistic modifications of thinking can result in an overall improvement in mood and behaviors. These improvements ultimately come from the modification of the patient’s fundamental dysfunctional beliefs. Cognitive behavioral therapy has been expanded into different forms. Albert Ellis developed rational-emotive therapy in 1962. Donald Meichenbaum made a modification in 1977 as well as Arnold Lazarus in 1976 with multimodal therapy. Aaron Beck ultimately developed and refined cognitive behavior therapy. This therapy is unified in personality and psychopathology. It is supported by empirical evidence (Beck, 1995). Beck (1995) discusses how cognitive behavioral therapy is used all over the world for many disorders. Some disorders include “obsessive-compulsive disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder, personality disorders, recurrent depression, chronic pain,…

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