The Theory Of Cognitive Behavior Therapy Essay

1086 Words Feb 27th, 2015 null Page
Cognition can be defined as “the mental processes of perceiving, recognizing, conceiving, judging and reasoning” (44). Thus, the meaning of classic cognitive behaviour therapy refers to the practice of integrating theory and research on conscious processes. In other words, cognitive behaviour therapy refers to the direct manipulation of an individual’s conspicuous and inconspicuous behaviour with feelings and thoughts are interpreted as internal or covert behaviours.
Namely, the psychiatrist Aaron Beck (1976) created Cognitive Theory. Beck’s theory has to do with manipulating the clients thoughts and experiences. When a person is depressed, they mainly focus on the negative aspects of their life and mainly overlooking the positives. Beck decided that persuasion would be the best way to manipulate their negative thoughts by allowing a positive insight when a client would express feelings of doubt or negativity. By doing this, Beck hoped that with this type of therapy the client would eventually overcome their depressive state.
A type of cognitive behaviour therapy worth mentioning is Albert Ellis’ Rational-Emotive Behaviour Therapy. This type of therapy aids in the removal of emotional distress caused by dysfunctional thoughts by replacing irrational thoughts with rational ones. These thoughts should be the main focus of the therapist rather than previous experiences and overt behaviours. An example of this would be a client who suffers from Anorexia Nervosa, who…

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