The Theory Of Birth Control Essay

773 Words Apr 30th, 2016 4 Pages
As of 2001 Chile, with the exception of Cuba, had the highest abortion rates in the region, with the rate being above 2.3 per woman (Blofield 8). Historically, "illegally induced abortion [was] the most prevalent method of birth control" (Viel V 286) and as of 2001 abortions occurred at a rate of one per every three live births (Blofield 16). The availability of contraceptives did not significantly decreased the amount of abortions since the 1970s, with the only change resulting as one more live birth per abortion in the country (Paxman et al. 206). However, during this time and until the beginning of the dictatorship contraception was highly available yet under utilized due to a lack of education, access, and the "political dimension of fertility regulation in the Cold War" (Mooney 4). Moreover, the mortality rate in the country decreased during this time down to 10.6 in 1965, making the regulation of population size in more sustainable ways (i.e. with contraception) particularly important ( Viel V 284). The Pinochet government despite being known for killing and torturing thousands of people held extremely traditional and pro-life ideals in terms of reproduction and sex (Mooney 10). Due to the extremely pro-natalist attitudes of the Pinochet regime they launched several attacks on the availability of contraceptives in addition to their legislation which made all forms of abortion illegal. With this constitutional change under no circumstances is abortion allowed in…

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