The Theories Of The Psychodynamic Perspective Essay

1445 Words Oct 29th, 2016 6 Pages
The main concepts of the psychodynamic perspective is the idea of the unconscious and the level in which the unconscious influences our behaviour. It takes a very deterministic approach in that all behaviour is predetermined and out of our control. Freud (1915) first introduced the idea of the conscious, and split it into the conscious and unconscious. He compared the concept to an iceberg, the unconscious being a complex; much grander selection of thoughts and feelings. An individual, according to Freud (1915), would be unaware of these emotions, so therefore any behaviour motivated by the unconscious would be out of his or her control. On the opposite side of this argument, there is the humanistic perspective. The humanistic perspective demands the recognition of free-will and as Rogers (1986) said, an ‘individual has within himself or herself vast resources for self-understanding for altering his or her concept, attitudes and self-directed behaviour. Many humanistic psychologists believe strongly in the power we have as humans to control our own behaviour. This contrasts greatly to the psychodynamic approach. However there are similarities. Both perspectives place emphasis on the development of the self and how that alters our personalities, like Jung’s (1947) emphasis on the idea of architypes. Humanistic psychologists have specifically criticized the overly deterministic nature of the psychodynamic perspective. However the humanistic approach places a lot of emphasis…

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