The Themes Of Athens's War During The Peloponnesian War

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Subject/Themes The article presents many themes through out its entirety. First, it is understood that this is a speech that is being made at a funeral in honor of the first Athenian soldiers to fall during the Peloponnesian war. Also, the greatness of Athens is referenced through out the entire passage. By instilling pride and ownership for Athens to the people listening there is a sense of recruitment for the country 's military. Getting the audience to turn from the despair of war at their front door and focus on how they themselves can fight to keep the freedoms of Athens. Pericles was able to create the first and most influential forms of Democracy. Athenian imperialism consisted of a radical democracy, where men, over the age the …show more content…
Women needed to be escorted by a man in the city and held no right to vote. The Athenians were battling Sparta, they were a military ready city-state whose people were dedicated to protecting their state. Spartan imperialism had a military oligarchy. This consisted of kings, council and ephors. Sparta shut out all outsiders to keep their military hegemony strong and to keep their military from being disrupted with outside ideas as their military held all the power in Sparta. Women were highly valued in Sparta and they had the responsibility of preparing young boys for their life long commitment to Spartan military. Maybe a theme that is not so present is Pericles and his relationship to the Peloponnesian War. He was partly responsible for the Delian League and partly responsible for the war at hand. His pride and arrogance for his accomplishments were on the brink of being destroyed by Sparta …show more content…
They would have been there to listen to the panegyric to finish the burial process. Since the burial site was in a public sepulchre, or small room made out of stone, most certainly the public people would have been either attending or with in ear shot of the speech. Pericles choose to stand on an elevated platform as to ensure that everyone there could have the chance to hear him. The public would have included men, sophists and foreigners. Foreigners from the city-states of the Delian League, may have been present to expand their knowledge on how Athens was handling the Peloponnesian War. These people pay Athens to protect them and contribute to their naval fleets. Pericles placed an emphasis on unity as to address those from the outside that may have been concerned with their safety. Not everyone who was listening that day agreed with the idea of democracy. Sophists, intellectuals and teachers in ancient Greece in philosophical thinking, were thought to undermine established social and political traditions. Protagoras a subjectivist, Heredotus a historian, Socrates a man of ethics and Thucydides a historian were some of the sophists present at the time of this event. Protagoras challenged the idea of democracy as to not let the one lead that is popular but let the one lead that is knowledgeable. Thucydides, must have been present as a primary source of first hand

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