The, The Domesticated Dog Essay

994 Words Oct 25th, 2016 4 Pages
Canis lupus familiaris, the domesticated dog, is continuously undergoing artificial selection in order to possess certain physical traits and behaviors. Through this selective breeding, various dog breeds now exist, many of which have been bred to carry out desired functions. For example, the Border Collie has been bred for herding, the Dachshund for hunting, and the Siberian Husky for dog sledding. Another breed, known as the German Shepherd, was originally bred to herd and protect sheep. However, on account of their innate strength and intelligence, German Shepherds have also been widely known to be trained as military and police dogs (The History…). Due to being readily accessible, a seven year-old female German Shepherd named Trixie was observed with the purpose of creating an ethogram to document her behavior.
All observations occurred in southwestern Iowa, at a rural town called Malvern, on October 9th, 2016. Four individual, one hour observations were conducted throughout the day, each spaced three hours apart. Each one hour observation had thirty time checks, which were done at two minute intervals. An initial observation, which took place indoors from 9:00 AM to 10:00 AM, was carried out in order to establish categories that would later be used to group the displayed behaviors into. A total of six categories resulted, which are communication, sensory systems, inactivity, physical activity, consumption, and reflexes. The communication category involves…

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