Essay on The Texas Judicial System

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The Texas Judicial System

The Texas Judicial System

The Texas judicial system has been called one of the most complex in the United States, if not the world. It features five layers of courts, several instances of overlapping jurisdiction, and a bifurcated appellate system at the top level. The structure of the system is laid out in Article 5 of the Texas Constitution.

The Texas Supreme Court and Texas Court of Appeals has a bifurcated appellate system at the highest level. Civil case appeals by the Texas Supreme Court, which also maintains the responsibility for licensing attorneys. For appeals on criminal cases those got to The Texas Court of Criminal Appeals. In times where the Death Penalty is in question cases are
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Unlike the lower levels, district court judges are required to be licensed attorneys. Due to this, defendants in counties which only have the traditional constitutional county court may elect to have their cases transferred to a district court to be heard by a judge with a law degree. This right is not afforded to criminal defendants in counties where there is a county court at law.

Moreover, district judges may remove county officials, officials of a general-law municipality, and municipal court judges under certain circumstances. District Judges also may exercise administrative power. They appoint and supervise the county auditor and oversee the operations of the adult and juvenile probation offices. Finally, the Texas Constitution grants them supervisory jurisdiction over the county commissioner’s court.

The Texas Constitution requires each county to have one constitutional county court. This court is presided over by a county judge, who is elected at-large by the voters of the county. The county court has appellate jurisdiction over Justice of the Peace and municipal court cases. For municipal court cases, if the municipal court is not a court of record this may involve a trial of de novo. The county court has exclusive jurisdiction over misdemeanors both Class A and Class B these offenses often involve jail time, and concurrent jurisdiction over civil cases where

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